A new study published in JAMA Psychiatry sheds light on the effects of childhood bullying in adults by assessing victims of bullying, those who were victims and bullies, and bullies. Victims of bullying had higher rates of psychological disorders, including generalized anxiety, panic disorder, and agoraphobia in adulthood. Those who were both victims and bullies had an increased risk for adult depression, panic disorder, and, in males only, suicide. Bullies were at risk for antisocial personality disorder. The researchers assessed participants four to six times between the ages of 9 and 16 years and in young adulthood (19, 21, and 21-26 years). Read more.
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