Diversity in nursing—including nurses of all genders, races, ethnicities, and backgrounds—ensures empathetic and equitable patient care.
- Nursing struggles to reach an equitable number of applicants and matriculants across gender and ethnic categories.
- Men throughout history have played a role in nursing.
- Nursing diversity it key to empathic patient care.
Editor’s note: This was originally published online. For more nurse perspectives on a variety of topics, visit myamericannurse.com/category/contributors.
To say that 2020 has been noteworthy so far would be an understatement. Globally, COVID-19 has rewritten what it means for humans to interact socially with one another safely. As a result, nursing school pinning and graduation ceremonies across the United States were canceled. Those of us graduating with nursing degrees during the pandemic understand the importance and complexity of protecting public health. So, while disappointed, few graduates were genuinely irritated about not being able to finish our degrees with the usual pomp and circumstance.
Our accomplishment is bittersweet. After all, 2020 is the International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife, in honor of the 200th anniversary of Florence Nightingale’s birth. Entering the public’s most trusted profession under this banner adds to new graduates’ pride. At the same time, kicking off our career during a pandemic is eerie. Expectations are high, as are the stakes.
My alma mater did a nice job of continuing the end-of-program ceremonies despite the social distancing mandates. Each student could submit a picture with their selected pinner, which would become part of a virtual slide show. I decided not to submit a picture. And, to be honest, I was initially fine with missing the pinning ceremony. Classmates had mentioned since orientation that pinning was a more intimate affair, more meaningful event, than actual graduation. But, I didn’t get it. I questioned why placing a pin on my lapel would be celebrated as much as, or even more so than, earning a university degree. The ceremony seemed to be a gendered tradition in an already overwhelming female profession.
Then I read about the ceremony’s history.
Nursing’s pinning ceremony has a nearly millennia-long history, rooted in the Crusades. Monks of the Knights of the Order of the Hospital of St. John the Baptist, who pledged to care for infirm soldiers, received a Maltese cross badge as a symbol of their vows. Florence Nightingale reinvented the ceremony in the 1860s after she was presented with the Red Cross of St. George for her work during the Crimean War. Subsequently, she awarded medals to excellent nursing graduates, which was standardized in the United States by 1916.
The history lesson left me simultaneously empowered and deflated. It added the exclamation point to graduation that I was missing, knowing that I was joining a rich history in taking care of others. But, I was a little dismayed by the muted visibility and significance of male nurses (e.g., monks) in this symbolic rite of passage. Nursing continues to struggle to reach an equitable number of applicants and matriculants across gender and ethnic categories. Only 15% of my graduating class was male; the next class’s percentage will drop to a mere 5%.
The numbers of nurses who are men are still so few, and gender stereotypes so strong, that we self-title as “Murse.” It isn’t that male nurses are afraid of being assumed to be female, gay, or to exhibit stereotypical feminine traits, like empathy, that make successful nurses. Rather, it is an attempt to embrace our “otherness” in the field, celebrate our uniqueness and pride, and label ourselves, albeit comically, to advertise for potential initiates. It’s an opportunity for us to offer other examples of men who have played a historic role in nursing, such as:
- St. Camillus de Lellis, the patron saint of the sick, hospitals, nurses, and physicians, and founder of first ambulance service and first home hospice
- Luther Christman, who established the National Male Nursing Association and was the first man to be inducted into the hall of fame of the American Nurses Association (ANA)
- Joe Hogan, an African American nurse who fought for ending sex discrimination in publicly funded nursing schools
- Walt Whitman, American literary treasure and nurse, who captured his experiences in his poem “The Wound Dresser”
- Edward L. T. Lyon, the first male nurse commissioned as a reserve officer in the U.S. Army Corps
- Ernest J. Grant, current President of the ANA and a man of color.
During this year of reflection, I offer that we should simultaneously plan for future growth into the next millennium of care. In addition to this year’s global Nightingale Challenge to provide leadership and development training for 20,000 nurses and midwives aged 35 and under, let’s remember that numbers are only part of fulfilling the need. Nursing needs more caregivers who represent our patients. The more diversity we bring to nursing, the more empathy we can provide. This will include more men.
Let’s hear it for the boys (men) in nursing—past, present, and future. Shout it loudly enough that more hear the call and make the pledge. AN
Trae Stewart is an RN in Ohio.