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Cardio-Pulmonary

High-flow nasal cannulas: Risks and benefits in response to COVID-19

Nurses need to understand the nuances of this therapy. Takeaways Nurses should know the risks, benefits, and controversy surrounding high-flow nasal cannulas in adults with COVID-19. Nurses should be able to implement, monitor, and evaluate...

Long-term effects of napping on cardiovascular health

We all need a nap every once in a while—but the effects of frequent napping have remained controversial in the scientific community. Over the years, different studies have yielded different results, but a 2019...

Marijuana use could hurt the heart and blood vessels

Cannabis use has grown in popularity over the last decade, specifically in people aged 18-25. Though use of this drug is legal in some form in 47 U.S. states, there are still questions surrounding...

Are e-cigarette users at a higher risk for COVID-19?

The use of e-cigarettes has increasingly grown in popularity amongst the younger population. A study published in Journal of Adolescent Health wanted to find a correlation between youth e-cigarette use and COVID-19 symptoms, testing,...

Get to the HEART of palliative care for patients with heart failure

Takeaways: All healthcare providers should possess primary palliative care are skills; secondary palliative care is used for complex symptoms, difficult discussions, and assistance with hospice transition. HEART—History of admissions, Echocardiogram results, Activity intolerance, Refractory...

Improving hypertension self-management in older adults

Nurses’ role in medication and lifestyle modification adherence.  Takeaways: Nonadherence to antihypertensive medications and lifestyle modifications is a major cause of poorly controlled hypertension in older adults. Nurses can improve medication adherence in older adults...

An uptick in number of cases of broken heart syndrome is associated with COVID-19

Stress cardiomyopathy, often called broken heart syndrome, is a condition “caused by intense emotional or physical stress leading to rapid and severe reversible cardiac dysfunction.” A new study appearing in JAMA Network Open seeks...

Preterm delivery identified as a risk factor of ischemic heart disease

Preterm delivery, defined as any birth occurring at less than 37 weeks, occurs in about 9.6 births in the U.S. annually. A study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology found...

Preventing postoperative pulmonary complications

Using ERAS and I COUGH to improve outcomes. Takeaways: Postoperative pulmonary complications are costly and responsible for extended hospital stays and mortalities. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) are multimodal evidence-based guidelines aimed at reducing stress,...

Myocarditis

Early recognition may help save a life. Takeaways: Nurses should have a high suspicion for serious illness such as myocarditis in pediatric patients who present with respiratory distress that fails to respond to standard treatment. ...

Be alert for Kawasaki disease

Early detection is key to avoiding heart disease. Takeaways: If Kawasaki disease (KD) is recognized and treated early, children can recover quickly with a decreased chance of developing long-term complications and heart disease. Heart disease...

Opioid-induced respiratory depression

Be prepared and know the risks. Takeaways: Risk factors for opioid-induced respiratory depression include impaired rental clearance, high opioid tolerance, and sleep apnea history. Tools for assessing patient sedation levels include Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale and...
cannabis

New research on possible adverse events to cannabis

A new study recently published in the Journal of Cannabis Research examines the potential “acute adverse reactions” associated with cannabis use. The study examined self-reported adverse reactions from 999 cannabis users and revealed that the...