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Gastroenterology

FDA approves first anti-diarrheal drug for HIV/AIDS patients

On Dec. 31, 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Fulyzaq (crofelemer) to relieve symptoms of diarrhea in HIV/AIDS patients taking antiretroviral...

Study: Donor feces more effective than vancomycin in treatment of recurrent C. difficile

A study in The New England Journal of Medicine found that infusing a solution of donor feces through a nasoduodenal tube was “significantly more...

Study: Health care organizations reduce SSIs by nearly half with Joint Commission project

A 2.5-year project under the direction of the Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare in collaboration with the American College of Surgeons reduced surgical...

FDA approves new drug for irritable bowel syndrome and constipation

On Aug. 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Linzess (linaclotide) to treat chronic idiopathic constipation and to treat irritable bowel syndrome...

JAMA: Use of anesthesia services for GI endoscopies increased substantially

A study in JAMA found that use of anesthesia services for gastrointestinal endoscopies and colonoscopies “increased substantially” between 2003 and 2009. Anesthesia use was...

Polypectomy lowers colorectal cancer mortality

A study in the New England Journal of Medicine reports that mortality from colorectal cancer was about 50% lower among patients who had adenomatous...

Unraveling the enigma of irritable bowel syndrome

Common, complex, and chronic, IBS can markedly decrease the quality of life and work productivity. But by using an integrated approach, you can help patients manage their symptoms.

Study finds radiofrequency ablation effective for Barrett’s esophagus

Radiofrequency ablation for Barrett’s esophagus with dysplasia has an acceptable safety profile and is associated with a low rate of disease progression, for up...

Women have better outcomes than men after major GI surgery

Women who undergo major gastrointestinal (GI) surgery are less likely to die in the hospital than men according to a retrospective analysis of 307,124...

Managing dysphagia in elderly patients

Multiple factors make the elderly susceptible to dysphagia. The author reviews multidisciplinary management approaches and offers a checklist of simple nursing actions to promote assessment and management.