Your patient experiences an anaphylactic reaction while receiving an infusion of a monoclonal antibody. Which response is correct?
a. Speed the infusion so it finishes more quickly.
b. Administer an anti-inflammatory agent.
c. Premedicate the patient in the future.
d. Do not administer that medication to the patient again.
Correct answer: d. Two types of infusion reactions may occur in patients receiving monoclonal antibodies—anaphylaxis (a hypersensitivity reaction) and cytokine-release syndrome. A patient who has had anaphylaxis should never receive that medication again.
To learn more, read the continuing nursing education article: “Chemotherapy and biotherapy for autoimmune disease: What all nurses need to know”.